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Acute Kidney Failure Acute Kidney Failure
  • What is acute kidney failure?
  • What are the causes of acute kidney failure?
  • What are the symptoms of acute kidney failure?
  • How is acute kidney failure treated?
  • What are the complications and related diseases of acute kidney disease?
Acute Kidney Failure

What is acute kidney failure?

Acute kidney failure, also known as acute kidney injury or acute renal failure, happens when the kidneys lose their ability to filter waste from the blood. As the kidneys’ ability to filter waste decreases, dangerous amounts of waste products begin accumulating in the blood, causing chemical levels in the blood to become unbalanced.

Acute kidney failure is known to develop rapidly and can happen over the span of a few days. This condition is usually seen in people who are already hospitalised, especially those who are critically ill and in need of medical care.

While acute kidney failure can be fatal, the condition can be reversed with specialised intensive treatment. A person who is otherwise in good health has a chance to recover normal, or near-normal kidney function.

Acute Kidney Failure

What are the causes of acute kidney failure?

Acute kidney failure may occur when:

  • The kidneys sustain damage.
  • The kidney’s urine drainage tubes get blocked, preventing waste from being expelled through urine.
  • There are underlying conditions that reduce blood flow to the kidneys.
Acute Kidney Failure

What are the symptoms of acute kidney failure?

Some symptoms of kidney failure include:

  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Confusion
  • Decreased urine output.
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Fluid retention

However, it is possible that acute kidney failure presents no visible signs or symptoms and can only be detected through lab tests.

Acute Kidney Failure

How is acute kidney failure treated?

To treat acute kidney failure, our medical team will first identify the illness or injury that caused it. This would allow them to determine the most suitable treatment options. Treatment typically will require hospitalisation, although one’s length of stay will depend on the underlying cause of the kidney failure and rate of recovery. In some situations, recovery may take place at home.

Our team of medical experts are committed to the best treatment options to prevent complications as they nurse the patient back to health. Treatments options may include:

  • Rebalancing fluids levels in the blood
  • Controlling blood potassium levels with medication
  • Controlling blood calcium levels with medication
  • Dialysis
Acute Kidney Failure

What are the complications and related diseases of acute kidney disease?

Complications of acute kidney injury can include:

  • Chest pain from the inflammation of the lining that covers the heart.
  • Shortness of breath caused by fluid build-up in the lungs.
  • Muscle weakness from an imbalance of fluid and electrolyte levels in the blood
  • Permanent kidney damage such as permanent loss of kidney function or end-stage renal disease. Patients with end-stage renal disease will either require long-term dialysis or a kidney transplant.
  • Left untreated, acute kidney failure can lead to the loss of kidney function which will cause death.